Asian Cancer Centre

What is cancer?

Cancer is a disease characterized by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in any part of body. These abnormal cells often spread throughout the body and have the ability to destroy normal body tissues.

These abnormal cells are termed cancer cells, tumour cells or malignant cells. These cells are often identified by the name of the tissue they originate from, for example, colon cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer etc.

What causes cancer?

Cancer is caused by changes or mutations to the DNA present within cells. Due to the mutations, cells fail to function properly or stop functioning in a normal manner and become cancerous.

DNA or gene mutations can take place in two ways – genetic and after birth. A very small percentage of all cancer cases are caused due to genetic mutation. On the other hand, there are a number of factors that can cause gene mutation after birth and this accounts to a vast majority of cancer cases.

Risk factors to cancer

While oncologists and cancer specialists worldwide know all those factors that may increase risks of cancer, the majority of cancer cases strike to people not influenced or impacted by any of those risk factors.

  • Some risk factors to cancer include:
  • Cancer can be diagnosed at any stage
  • Cancer is more common in older adults or those 65 years of age or older
  • Lifestyle choices are one of factors that increase the risk of cancer
  • Smoking and drinking are leading causes of cancer
  • Obesity, excessive exposure to the sun, unsafe sex and radiation can cause cancer
  • Intertied conditions or family history can cause cancer
  • Living in an environment where harmful chemicals are present can increase the risk of cancer
  • Cancer-causing chemicals (carcinogens) and hormones also include in the risk factors
  • Chronic inflammation and a lack of exercise can cause cancer

Some cancer facts and figures from India

  1. Cancer accounts for 7% of Indian mortality…
  2. 40% of cancer patients die annually in India and cancer cases are rising at the rate of 2-3% across the country annually, as per the data of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
  3. While the standard death rate is 40% from all cancer cases in India, the rate can go up as high as 70% for some specific types of cancer.
  4. As per the data presented in the Lok Sabha in 2014, Uttar Pradesh (UP) was reported to have the most number of cancer cases that year.
  5. As per a NGT (National Green Tribunal Data) report, the number of cancer cases is rising in the Western Uttar Pradesh (west UP) due to high concentrations of harmful materials such as lead and mercury in the ground water.

Cancer Centre in Asian Vivekanand Hospital

Department of Cancer Centre at Asian Vivekanand Hospital provides a comprehensive cancer care programme. Our cancer treatment combines trans-disciplinary and multi-modality approach to deliver unmatched treatment and care to cancer patients. Our team of experts combines personalized cancer treatment with integrated practice to deliver world-class treatment. We have a whole host of support services that help in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

Diagnosis of cancer

Diagnosing cancer at early stages can save lives. That’s why,preventive health check-ups are necessary as they boosts the chances of early detection of cancer. Even if you feel fit, it’s important to undergo annual health checks as doing this can help detect early stages of cancer of the kidney, breast, prostate, cervix and bladder.

Doctors may use one of these approaches to diagnose cancer:

  • Physical exams
  • Laboratory tests
  • Imaging tests
  • Biopsy

Treatment options for cancer

Treatment options depend on the nature of cancer and its stage. The options include:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Stem cell transplant
  • Immunotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Targeted drug therapy
  • Clinical trials
  • Supportive Therapy
  • Palliative Care

We provide treatment for different cancer types, including:

#1 Breast Cancer

Breast cancer starts in the cells of the breasts. It can occur to both men and women but most cases are reported in women. This type of cancer generally starts in the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules. It’s a malignant tumour that can spread to other parts of the body.

Symptoms

  • A lump in the breast
  • Pain in the breast or armpits
  • Rashes around one of the nipples
  • Lump in one of the armpits
  • Nipples with discharge (containing blood)
  • Change in appearance and size of the breast

Treatment

  • Diagnostic procedures include Mammogram, Breast Ultrasound, Breast MRI, Breast Biopsy, Minimally Invasive Breast Biopsy, Sentinel Node Biopsy and Ductal Lavage
  • Radiation therapy (Currently, we don’t have radiation facility but patients can travel to Asian Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi for the same treatment)
  • Surgery
  • Biological therapy (targeted drug therapy)
  • Hormone therapy
  • Chemotherapy

#2 Lung cancer

Lung cancer is one of the most common cancer types in India. It’s a type of cancer that begins in the lungs. Smokingis the leading cause of lung cancer.

Symptoms

  • A persistent cough
  • Cough up blood
  • Feeling short of breath
  • Pain in the chest or shoulder
  • Weight loss with an alarming rate
  • A persistent feeling of tiredness

Treatment

  • Diagnostic procedures include Imaging tests, Sputum cytology & Tissue sample (biopsy)
  • Chemotherapy
  • Surgery
  • A combination of chemotherapyand radiotherapy (Currently, we don’t have radiation facility but patients can travel to Asian Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi for the same treatment)

#3 Head & Neck Cancer

Such types of cancer start in the tissues and organs of the head and neck. They can impact throat, lips, nose, mouth, larynx and salivary glands. Tobacco use, heavy alcohol consumption and human papillomavirus (HPV) are major reasons of causing head and neck cancer.

Symptoms

  • Persistent swelling or sore throat
  • Red or white patch in the mouth
  • Lump or mass in the head or neck area
  • Persistent nasal congestion
  • Unusual nasal discharge
  • Problem with breathing
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue

Treatment

  • Diagnostic procedures may include Physical examination/blood and urine tests, HPV testing, Endoscopy, Biopsy, Molecular testing of the tumor, X-ray/barium swallow, Panorex, ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, bone scan & PET scan
  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy (Currently, we don’t have radiation facility but patients can travel to Asian Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi for the same treatment)
  • Chemo therapy
  • Targeted therapy

#4 Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer mostly occurs to women over the age of 30. This cancer originates at the entrance to the uterus or womb. This cancer is of mostly two types – squamous cell cervical cancer and adenocarcinoma of the cervix.

Symptoms

  • Bleeding between periods
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding in post-menopausal women
  • Discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • Foul vaginal discharge
  • Blood-tinged vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic pain

Treatment

  • Diagnostic procedures include Pap test, HPV DNA test, Punch biopsy, Endocervical curettage, Cone biopsy & Electrical wire loop
  • Surgery (for early stages)
  • Radiotherapy (Currently, we don’t have radiation facility but patients can travel to Asian Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi for the same treatment)
  • Chemotherapy

#5 Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer or gastric cancer is the result of the formation of a malignant tumour in any part of the stomach. In most cases, this type of cancer starts in the mucus-producing cells of the stomach. Males are more prone to stomach cancer than females.

Symptoms

  • Swallowing difficulties
  • Feeling bloated post meals
  • Frequent burping
  • Heartburn
  • Persistent indigestion
  • Stomach-ache
  • Vomiting or blood-tinged vomiting
  • Stomach with fluid accumulation
  • Anaemia
  • Black stools, or blood in stools
  • Persistent fatigue with loss of appetite
  • Weight loss

Treatment

  • Diagnosis include Gastroscopic exam, Ultrasound scan, Barium meal X-ray and Breath test
  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy (Currently, we don’t have radiation facility but patients can travel to Asian Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi for the same treatment)
  • Chemo therapy
  • Targeted medications

#6 Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is a growth that occurs in the colon and generally arises from a polyp. This type of cancer begins in the cells lining the inside of the colon or rectum.

Symptoms

  • Diarrhoea or constipation
  • Narrow stools or frequent changes in stool consistency
  • Blood in the stool
  • Pain in the abdomen and/or pain during bowel movements
  • Persistent weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Anaemia

Treatment

  • Diagnosis include examination of the inside of the colon using a scope and blood tests
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation (Currently, we don’t have radiation facility but patients can travel to Asian Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi for the same treatment)

Our Team That Cares